Research and Learning

We've put together a list of useful publications to read, videos to watch and organisations to contact for further information about local currencies and economics.  





Community Currency Knowledge Gateway - found at - is a gateway to online resources, literature and general knowledge on community and complementary currencies. It is launched by the Community Currencies in Action (CCIA) EU Interreg project in 2014 and maintained by international partners and volunteer contributors.

Cool Currency for kids

In 2018, Sustainable Learning created free resources for primary school teachers to teach their students about sustainability and green issues. This resource includes lesson plans for teachers on Community Currencies, all based on the Bristol Pound. You can find a fantastic video Bristol Pound CIC helped them make in summer 2017, with children leading the way:


In June 2017, Susan Johnson and Helen Harvey-Wilson of the University of Bath published their final report on their research in 2016 using in-depth interviews with Bristol Pound members. The research is based on the understanding of a theory of change in terms of user adoption and use:  that for impact to be achieved, people must first join, then use and increase their use of the currency in order to achieve impacts.  It uses the approach of realist evaluation to give a much deeper insight into the reasoning that they give for their use (or non-use) of the B£.

Download the full report here >

Members Survey

In January 2017 Bristol Pound CIC conducted a members' survey asking the membership questions about Bristol Pound use (non-business).

Download the results here >








From 2014, Dr. Jennifer Ferreira and Dr. Mark Perry of Brunel University London present some highlights generated by their research so far. The findings are based on the online Bristol Pound member survey and the member interviews. Details of each method are attached in the appendix. What follows are insights into the Bristol Pound community of users ­­ how they use the currency and their experiences as part of the community.

Bristol Pound research highlights >







NEF: The Money Trail

LM3 has been tried and tested across the UK, from agriculture to social enterprise to local government procurement, to determine how money coming into your community is then spent and re-spent. The Money Trail shows you how to use LM3 to find out what’s really happening in your local economy, and how you can make it better. You can find supplementary materials and downloads on nef‘s Plugging the Leaks website

The Money Trail >



New Economics Foundation is the UK's leading think tank promoting social, economic and environmental justice. NEF's website is full of useful reports and articles. NEF's 'Community Currencies' group has produced some extremely relavent reports on the effects, see below for a selection of these reports. 







Qoin introduces, implements, and manages professional Community Currencies throughout Europe.

What is a community currency? Read Qoin's explanation here. Qoin have an excellent 'knowledge centre' for further information about different means of exchange.







The Bank of England (BoE) is the central bank of the United Kingdom. BoE outlined the legal status of paper local currencies in an article entitled 'Banknotes, local currencies and central bank objectives'. A response to the article, entitled 'The Bank of England Takes Note of Local Money' can be found on our blog.

More information from BoE can be found here. To watch filmed explanation from BoE, click here.






Transition Network is a charitable organisation whose role is to inspire, encourage, connect, support and train communities as they self-organise around the Transition model, creating initiatives that rebuild resilience and reduce CO2 emissions.

Transition Bristol played a key role in the development and creation of Bristol Pound. There are loads of fantastic resources in the Transition Resource Library.

Other useful organisations:                


Published in 2011

Peter North: Local Money

"Local currencies are, in effect, "mindful money." - Rob Hopkins, from the Foreward

An inspiring yet practical new Transition Book, Local Money helps you understand what money is and what makes good and bad money, and reviews how people around the world and in the past have experimented with new forms of money that they create themselves.

Available to buy with £Bs from Arnolfini Bookshop

Published in 2001

Bernard Lietaer: The Future Of Money

 "The way money is created and administered in a given society makes a deep impression on values and relationships within that society. More specifically, the TYPE of currency used in a society encourages - or discourages - specific emotions and behaviour patterns."

A brilliantly clear-sighted analysis of how on-going money innovations in dozens of countries around the world are proving that they can resolve key societal problems such as: jobless growth, community breakdown,  the economic consequences of an aging society, the conflict between short-term financial thinking and long-term sustainability, and monetary instability itself. This book provides pragmatic solutions to each one of these issues.

Available to buy with £Bs from Arnolfini Bookshop >

 Published in 2012

John Rogers et al: People Money

"Communities are full of underused resources: individuals with time and talents; businesses, voluntary associations and local authorities with spare capacity (hire cars, restaurant tables, printing services, theatre seats, underused buildings). Regional Currencies mobilize these resources without burdening taxpayers at the national or regional level."

People Money is a comprehensive guide to the principles and practice of regional currencies.

More information >

Published February 27, 2013

NEF: Energising Money

The world is facing an ecological crisis. Our economic system fails to properly account for the natural resources on which human prosperity depends. But attempts to remedy the problem, for example through environmental taxation, fail to address an elephant lurking in the room: the monetary system. Energy-related money offers a means to improve the qualities of the monetary system, while also stimulating the low-carbon energy transition we urgently need.

More information >

Published December 1, 2002

NEF: Plugging the Leaks

This handbook is a guide to a new approach to revitalising local econonomies. It can be used as a basic introduction to economics, as well as the starting point for a new involvement with your local area.

Since there is no such thing as a ‘standard’ community, this handbook has been written in a way to be applicable to almost any location. We’ve also tried to make it appropriate to a very wide range of community organisations, including public sector bodies, voluntary organisations, business networks, regeneration bodies, religious groups and so on.

More information >